1. a) Human feelings, actions, and parts are ascribed to God, not that they are really in Him, but because such effects proceed from Him as are like those that flow from such things in humans.
b) God is frequently spoken of as dealing with humans as they deal with Him.
2. Abstract and inanimate things are frequently PERSONIFIED, e.g. -- Ears are attributed to the heavens, the earth, death, and destruction; hands to the deep; eyes to the sea and the mountains; a voice to the deep, wisdom, and understanding; a will to the flesh and mind; witnessing to an altar, a song, a stone, blood, and water; speaking to the ear, eye, foot, days, years, blood, law, righteousness, and blood of sprinkling; knowing, rejoicing, rising and going down to the sun; being roused from sleep to the sword and arm of Jehovah; skipping and leaping to mountains and hills; crying out to the heart and flesh, wisdom and understanding; seeing and preaching to the Scripture; judging to the word; teaching to grace, the heaven, and the earth; leading and guiding to light, truth, and the commandments; dominion and enmity to death; mastery to sin; comforting to a rod and staff; carrying message to anger, fear, mercy, light, and truth; and every Christian virtue to charity or love.
3. Opposite statements are to be carefully compared.
4. General statements are frequently to be limited.
5. Positive statements are frequently to be understood comparatively.
6. General reasonings, of various kinds, are sometimes employed.
7. The language of the messenger frequently glides into that of the sender.
8. What a servant says or does is ascribed to the master.
9. Persons and things are spoken of according to what they once were, or professed (or are presently thought) to be, though not really so, either formerly or at present.
Click here for Bible references to Tips 1-9
10. Words are frequently used in an ironical manner.
11. Transposition of clauses is frequently necessary.
12. Hebraisms, Latinisms, Syricacisms, etc., are frequently used.
13. The same persons and places have frequently different names.
14. The same word may have a different meaning, sometimes even in the same verse.
15. (a) The name of a book or its writer is frequently omitted.
(b) The name of the writer is frequently put for his writings.
(c) The subject treated of is frequently put for the book or writer.
16. A negative and an affirmative statement imply certainty.
17. The repetition of a word denotes the superlative degree.
18. Some words (nouns, pronouns, verbs, etc.,) are expletive. E.g., account, begin, find, seem, etc.
19. The denial of the act frequently implies denial of the power of acting.
Click here for Bible references to Tips 10-19
20. References are sometimes made to Non-Canonical Books, which yet were true and contemporary histories.
21. (a) God's promises and threats are frequently conditional.
(b) Promises and threats are to be understood as referring to the present condition of man.
22. Distribution is expressed in a variety of ways:
(a) by repeating the cardinal number "two, two."
(b) by repeating the noun ("heaps, heaps" as in Exodus 8:14; "companies, companies" as in Mark 6:39)
23. Various readings are to be duly studied and weighed.
24. Interpolations are never to be adduced as proof texts.
25. The order of events is frequently disregarded.
26. Scripture writers frequently use round and common numbers.
27. A part of a thing is frequently put for the whole.
28. The whole is frequently put for a part.
(a) "the world" for the Roman Empire or Palestine.
(b) "every creature" for the human race.
(c) "all flesh" (as above)
29. A definite number is frequently used for an indefinite.
Click here for Bible references to Tips 20-29
30. The definite article is sometimes injuriously omitted.
31. The definite article is sometimes injuriously inserted.
32. The coming of God (or Christ) frequently means a manifestation to assist, deliver, reward, or punish.
33. Things are spoken of as given, done, or possessed, which are only promised and proposed.
34. That which is difficult is frequently spoken of as impossible.
35. A pronoun frequently refers to a more remote antecedant.
36. Persons and things are reckoned children of that which they imitate, or to which they are attached.
37. The verb "to hate" is frequently used for "love less."
38. A people is frequently called by the name of its founder.
Click here for Bible references to Tips 30-38
39. When two nouns are coupled by a conjunction, the second is frequently equal to an adjective.
40. The name "Christ" is frequently used to denote the doctrine, subject, or spirit of His religion.
41. The verb "to have" is frequently used for "to hold fast, to use."
42. The name of a person is himself or his character.
43. To be "in Christ" is frequently simply to be a Christian.
44. The word "answered" is frequently used when no preceding statement appears.
45. The cause or source is frequently used for the effects. (E.g., "the Spirit" for His operations.)
46. Abstract words are sometimes used for Concrete ones, and Concrete words for Abstract ones.
47. The phrase "to be called" frequently indicates actual being.
48. Plural nouns, pronouns, and verbs are frequently used for the singular.
Click here for Bible references to Tips 39-48.
49. "Cannot," in Scripture idiom, frequently means "will not."
50. Nouns are frequently used for personal pronouns.
51. Some particles, such as "all," are frequently used for "some" or "most."
52. The word "some" is frequently used for "all."
52. The word "many" is frequently used for "all."
54. The active voice in Greek is frequently used for the causative.
55. The present tense is frequently used to express habitual or immediately future action.
56. The past tense is frequently used to express the certainty of a future action.
57. Son or daughter are frequently used for a descendant.
58. Father and mother are frequently used for an ancestor.
Click here for Bible references to Tips 49-58
59. Brother and sister are frequently used for a relative or companion.
60. "God" is used of any one (professedly) mighty, whether truly so or not, and is applied not only to the true God, but to false gods, magistrates, judges, angels, prophets, etc.
61. "Spirit" is used of God Himself, or the Divine Mind, His energy, influence, gifts; of the vital principle of animals, and of breath, wind, or air in motion.
62. "Angel" is used of a messenger (good or bad) from heaven or from men, and is applied to spiritual intelligences, to the pillar of cloud and fire, to the (pestilential) wings, to priests, prophets, ministers, disembodied spirits, etc.
63. "Prophet" is used of one who (professedly) announces the will or celebrates the works of God, whether these relate to things past, present, or future, and is applied to patriarchs, orators, singers, songstresses, priests, and preachers.
64. Active verbs are used with various connotations.
(a) Active verbs frequently express only an attempt to do the action.
(b) Active verbs frequently express a permission to do the action.
(c) Active verbs frequently express an announcement of the action.
(d) Active verbs frequently express giving an occasion for the action.
(e) Active verbs frequently express a direction or sanction to the action.
(f) Active verbs frequently express a promise to do the action.
(g) Active verbs frequently express a continuation of the action.
(h) Active verbs frequently express what is done by a deputy.
65. Paronomia, or play upon words to excite attention, is often observable only in the original.
Click here for Bible references to Tips 59-65