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St Nicholas Cathedral in Noviy Gorod, Harbin

Ground breaking ceremony was held on the Feast of the Protection of the Theotokos on October 1/13, 1899. A wooden church in Central Square of New City (Noviy Gorod) section of Harbin, was completed in 1900. On December 18, 1900, the church was consecrated in the name of St Nicholas of Myra. St Nicholas Church was elevated to the status of a cathedral by decree of the Holy Synod of February 29, 1908.

St Nicholas was declared the Cathedral within the new Diocese of Harbin that was established in 1922 by ROCOR. The new diocese was administratively independent from both the Diocese of Vladivostok and the Russian Spiritual Mission in Beijing.

Also built next to the Cathedral in 1933 was the Holy Iveron Icon of the Theotokos Chapel, being a replica of the revered Moscow Chapel of the same namesake that was destroyed by the Bolsheviks in 1928.

On June 8, 1941, the monument to the fighters with the Comintern ( "Monument to the heroes who fell in the struggle against the Communist International") had its grand opening on the Cathedral Square in Harbin , opposite the hotel "New Harbin". (Rubezh, June 21, 1941. pp 13-15) It was destroyed in August 1945 when the Soviet troops entered Harbin and erected in its place with the monument to fallen Soviet soldiers, which stands to this day.

On August 23, 1966, during the Cultural Revolution, the Cathedral was destroyed by the Red Guards. Present day Hóngbó Square was where the original Cathedral use to stand.

According to Harbin municipal religious archive, Fr Valentin Baryshnikov served as the sixth rector, while the seventh and last rector of the Cathedral Fr Anikita Wang was martyred in 1967.

In 2007, St Nicholas Art Museum has been built at a different location as a full scale replica of the original St Nicholas Cathedral.

  1. photo c. 1927
  2. 1930s photo, night photo by VP Ablamskii
Photos
 

1900 photo from
forum.vgd.ru

1900 photo from
forum.vgd.ru

photo from "Niva" Vol. XXXII,
№ 10, March 10, 1901, Pg. 198

photo taken by
Emil Nino, c.1900-1901
goskatalog.ru

Drawings and photo of Cathedral
from the album OKVZHD 1903.
forum.vgd.ru

lampposts are distinguishable.
c. 1903-06 photo from
forum.vgd.ru

1904 photo from fotoe.com

Monthly Consular & Trade Report Apr-Jun 1904, pg 14
National Geographic Magazine, Dec. 1, 1904, pg 116
Public Opinion, Jan-Jun 1904, pg 248

photo from pg 399 of Century
Illustrated Magazine (July, 1904)
Illustrated chronicle of the
Russian-Japanese War (1904) pg. 94

postcard from Israel

1905 postcard from "Vintage Postcards"
goskatalog.ru

c.1906 postcard from New York

photo from CEL Album (1911)

July 8, 1913 color photos taken by Stéphane Passet
«Chine, 1909-1934 : catalogue
des photographies et des séquences
filmées du Musée Albert Kahn»

November 1917 photo by O.S.
Whightman from USA

photos from SergeRod.Me

1925 photo from
Vladimir Shkurkin

postcard mailed on
Nov 16 1926 to Riga

1927 photo of Lena Avenarius
from alexsavo

1929 photo from the U.K.

1920s photo from Japan

1920s photo from Japan

1920s postcard from OH, USA

1920s postcard from OH, USA

1920s art postcard from Japan

1932 photo from forum.vgd.ru

1930s art card by Takanori Ohno

May 11, 1932 postcard from Bulgaria

Sept 24, 1938
postcard from
Dalian, China

Aug 29, 1939
postcard from
Dalian, China

photos from forum.vgd.ru

photo from Japan

iconostasis
postcard from Japan

postcard from Japan

postcard from Japan

1930s art postcard
holder from Japan

April 21, 1935 postcard from Japan

memoryofchina.org

1930s postcard from Japan

1930s postcard from Japan

1930s postcard from FL, USA

1920s postcard from Japan

1930s postcard from Japan

1931-32 photo from AGSL

1930s photo from Japan

1930s photo from Japan

1930s photo from Japan

1930s photo from Japan

1920s postcard from Hong Kong

1930s postcard from Japan

1930s art card from Japan

1930s postcard
from Dalian, China

1930s postcard from Dalian

1920s postcard from Japan

1920s postcard from Japan

1920s postcard from Kernbeisser

1930s 2fen postcard
from kernbeisser

1930s postcard from kernbeisser

1930s postcard from kernbeisser

1930s postcard

1930s postcard from Japan

1930s postcard from Shenyang, China

1930s postcard from Japan

1930s 3 fen postcard
from Japan

Sept 9, 1935 postcard from Japan

July 29, 1936 postcard from Japan

1930s postcard from Japan

2 fen postcard from France

1930s photo from Japan

St Nicholas Cathedral in the old days — completely made of wood
from the author of 'Tarasov Saga'

1934 postcard from USA

November 9, 1935 postcard from Japan

1930s 2 fen postcard from Japan

Oct 16, 1939 postcard from China

1930s postcard from China

postcard from Japan

postcard from Japan

postcard from Hong Kong

1920 postcard
from Japan

postcard from Japan

1930s photo from 01varvara

photo from Japan

photo from fotoe.com

photo from fotoe.com

photo from fotoe.com

1930s postcard from Bulgaria

1930s postcard from IL USA

1930s postcard from Moscow

1930s postcard
from Japan

courtesy of Abp Hilarion of Australia

postcard from forum.vgd.ru

b&w postcard
from United Kingdom

1930s postcard from Japan

postcard from Hong Kong

postcard from Hong Kong

1930s postcard
from Japan

1930s photo
from Japan

1930s postcard
from Japan

1930s postcard
from Japan

from ROCOR

Church interior
A widow faculty (on the right
a tomb of Metropolitan Mefodija)

from Russian Club
in Shanghai

courtesy of pravoslavie.ru

 

courtesy of RusHarbin.com

1940s postcard from
kernbeisser

1940s postcard from Japan

1940s postcard from Hong Kong

1940s postcard
from China

photo from Abp HILARION of Australia

July 20, 1941 postcard
from Japan

1941, Archim. Nikolai (Ono)
inside St Nicholas Cathedral
photo from Bp. Seraphim of Sendai

clergy from left: Bp Dimitry, Met. Melety,
Archim. Nicholas (Ono), Abp. Nestor,
April 6, 1941, front of St Nicholas Cathedral
photo from Bp. Seraphim of Sendai

Military Parade in front of Cathedral 1946 WWII Photo from Israel

1950s photo from forum.vgd.ru

Aug 1966 photo from
forum.gd.ru

Aug 1966 photo from
fotoe.com

Aug 1966 photo from
fotoe.com

August 23-24, 1966 photos from forum.gd.ru