It is expected, that on June, 19th, in day of the Sacred Trinity, to Blagoveshchensk from Beijing for the first time there will arrive descendants albazintsev. Their ancestors in 17-th century have been withdrawn in a captivity by manchurian armies, yes and have remained to live on the Chinese ground. Today's albazintsy in spite of the fact that in their veins Russian blood flows also, on Slavs are completely not similar. But they have kept orthodox belief.
For the first time history Chinese albazintsy will visit in Albazine - boundary village on coast of the Cupid, will look, where three centuries ago lived and their far ancestors spoken on unknown it language shed blood in battles. To us there will arrive group of the order twenty person. Among them not only citizens of China, are also one American. Unite their past and the general genetic roots.
According to archbishop Blagoveshchensk and Tyndinskogo Gabriel, originally the idea was other. The president of Russian club in Beijing Sergey Shilin two years ago has addressed to ours arhipastyrju with the invitation to arrive to Beijing and to bring with itself wonder-working Albazinskuju an icon. That to it could bow and the Russian believers working in Beijing, and orthodox Chineses-aeaaceiou. But to carry a relic for limits of Russia lord Gabriel was not solved - would arise a different sort of complexities too much.
Through any time there was other variant - pilgrim travel of descendants albazintsev to a relic. The patriarch Moscow and vseja Russia Alex II has blessed this action.
It is a little history
Who such albazintsy? The Mention of them can be found in explanatory dictionary Dalja. In clause explaining sense of a word "to live", we read: " Albazinians, descendants of Russian, hitherto live in China ". But whence they there have undertaken? In June, 1685 manchurian armies of a dynasty Cin have besieged Albazinsky a jail. Russian cossacks and the peasants who have approached to them to the aid desperately defended. After long osady nevertheless it was necessary to hand over a fortress.
According to the standard historical version, manchurians have allowed to leave a greater part of defenders Albazina in other settlements, and 25 cossacks have agreed to go together with manchurians to Beijing. These albazintsy have made the first Russian community in China of the period Cin.
Under the order of emperor Kansi Russian have been lodged in a northeast part of Beijing, at a city wall near to gate Dunchzhimen (area where now there is an embassy of the Russian Federation). They have been attributed to manchurian znamennomu to an army and ranked to " yellow with kajmoj a banner " (the manchurian army at that time consisted of eight military formirovanij-"banners", each of which had a banner of the color).
Albazintsam the monetary contentment has been certain, the habitation and plots of an arable land are given. Wished to get family have found wives.
Albazinians and their descendants have made small, but an original ethnic group in the Chinese capital. Cleanly externally they it is very fast kitaizirovalis: shaved foreheads and let grow kosy as it was necessary in tsinskom China, carried the Chinese clothes, ate on-eeoaenee, mastered the Chinese and manchurian languages. The only thing that continued them to connect closely with Russian spiritual tradition, became Orthodox Church. Leaving from Albazina, Russian have taken with themselves church utensils and an icon of Prelate Nikolay Mirlikijskogo (in the further it was esteemed as a great relic). With them priest Maxim Leontev who has become by the orthodox priest first in China and the missionary has left to Beijing. Under the order of emperor Kansi albazintsam for fulfilment of divine service have transferred Chinese kumirnju which father Maxim has turned into p Nikolay's chapel, and in 1696, on blessing the Tobolsk Metropolitan Ignatija, has transformed to a temple, having consecrated it in the name of Over Sofia - Knowledges Bozhiej.
Presence in the Chinese capital of a community albazintsev became the reason of that under Peter Velikogo's initiative per 1715 to Beijing the Russian Spiritual Mission has been directed.
Are true to Orthodoxy
In 1900 in China revolt Yihetuan has begun. They gromili Christian missions also demanded, that Christians have renounced the Christ. Those who refused, they it is severe pytali. It is martyr 222 orthodox Chineses were lost. After suppression of revolt the first bishop of China Innokenty (Figurovsky) has constructed in Beijing a temple in the name of all sacred martyrs. Remains of 222 martyrs were pogrebeny under a temple.
By the way, on June, 24th (on new style) by the Sacred Synod it is certain as day of memory mestnochtimyh martyr Mitrofana and 221 orthodox laymen, with it in China victims.
Albazinians always remained are true to Orthodoxy. From their environment send many orthodox clerics. In 1950 archpriest Du Zhun Chen (from Dubinin's sort) has been imposed in Moscow in bishops with name Simeon and has headed the Shanghai diocese. In 1957 archpriest Jao Fu An (from sort JAkovlevyh) has been imposed in bishops with a name Vasily and has borrowed the Beijing faculty.
One of the most known albazinskih families was surname Du (Dubinins). Father Alexander Du was last Chinese priest. On memoirs of eyewitnesses, it considered itself(himself) as Russian though externally to Russian was not similar as was albazintsem in the eighteenth generation. It has accepted a dignity in 50th years. Has passed through a cultural revolution when priests derided, vymazyvali it the person soot, mocked at them. It has died in the age of is more senior 80 several years ago. Priest RPTS Dionisy pozdnjaev, okormljajushchy orthodox Christians in east countries, has handed over to father Alexander shortly before its death the Patriarchal cross.
Today three descendants albazintsev are trained in the St.-Petersburg orthodox theological seminary. Two girls study as regents, and one of representatives of surname Du, probably, becomes the priest.
Julia Klimycheva, on June, 11th 2005, 10:39