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Victor (Svyatin)
English Translation by Igor Radev

Surname, Name, Patronymic: Svyatin Leonid Viktorovich

Rank: Metropolitan

Date of Birth: August 2, 1893 XIX century

Date of Tonsure: June 30, 1921 XX century

Date of Consecration: October 6, 1932 XX century

Date of Repose: September 18, 1966 XX century

Church Affiliation: Russian Orthodox Church

Biography

Victor (Svyatin Leonid Viktorovich), Metropolitan of Krasnodar and Kuban.
He was born on August 2, 1893, at Karagana station of Upper Urals region of Orenburg Province into a family of a deacon.
In 1915 he finished the Orenburg Spiritual Seminary after which he entered Kazan Spiritual Academy.
In his second year of studies he was transferred to Tbilisi Military School. He served as an army officer in the First World War.
In 1918-1919, he emigrated to China, where on June 30, 1921, he was tonsured a monk at Beijing Holy Dormition Monastery of the Russian Spiritual Mission.
On July 3, the same year he was made deacon.
On July 7 he became a Hieromonk, and in August entered the Oriental Faculty of the Far East Institute in Vladivostok.
On August 10, 1922, he became caretaker of the Holy Protection of the Theotokos church in Tianjin.
On November 3, 1929, he was elevated to the rank of Archimandrite by Metropolitan Innokenty;
On November 6, 1932, he was consecrated Bishop of Shanghai. After the repose of Bishop Simon, the Head of the Russian Spiritual Mission, he was appointed in his place of Bishop of Beijing and China, Head of the 24th Russian Spiritual Mission. He took part in the Chinese Mission from 1922.

Vladika Victor in
a Beiguan park
kepping.net

From 1936 till 1938 he undertook a far reaching trip to the Christian Malabar Coast in India and Ceylon, where he held talks with the local Christians aimed at their entrance into a united Church. In September 1938 he became an Archbishop.
In 1945 he was received in communion by the Russian Orthodox Church.
On July 25, 1946, he was rewarded with the right to wear a cross on his headgear.
From August 17, 1950, he served as a Patriarchal Exarch of the Eastern Exarchate of the Moscow Patriarchate.
On May 26, 1956, he crossed the border from China into the Soviet Union.
On May 31, 1956, he was appointed Archbishop of Krasnodar and Kuban.
On May 20, 1961, he was elevated to the rank of Metropolitan.
In May 1963 he was awarded the St Vladimir medal of the first rank.
He reposed in Krasnodar on September 18, 1966 after a short illness.

Works:

from archive of A. S. Ipatova

"Ascension of the Lord".
"Zh.M.P." [Journal of the Moscow Patriarchate] 1961, № 5, pg. 43.
"In the Motherland".
"Zh.M.P." 1950, № 9, pg. 28-31.
"Encyclica".
"Zh.M.P." 1952, № 12, pg. 19-20.

Bibliography:

"Zh.M.P." 1948, № 9, pg. 9.
- " - 1950, № 9, pg. 28-31.
- " - 1954, № 1, pg. 18.
- " - 1956, № 7, pg. 13.
- " - 1957, № 3, pg. 7.
- " - 1958, № 2, pg. 18-19.
- " - 1959, № 10, pg. 21.
- " - 1961, № 1, pg. 39.
- " - 1961, № 5, pg. 35, 43-44.
- " - 1961, № 7, pg. 5.
- " - 1961, № 8, pg. 31.
- " - 1961, № 9, pg. 6.
- " - 1962, № 12, pg. 11.
- " - 1963, № 1, pg. 20, 28, 29.
- " - 1963, № 2, pg. 16.
- " - 1963, № 6, pg. 9, 10.

"Russian Orthodox Church" Moscow Patriarchate. 1958, pg. 147, 44.
"Kitaisk. Blag." [Chinese Evangelist] 1947, VIII-IX, pg. 14-17, 26, 27, 37.
"Journal of the Sessions of the Holy Synod" № 8 from 9. VII.1950.
Bishop John (Snychev). "Composition of the Russian Orthodox Hierarchy 1966", pg.23.
Remarks and additions. № 103.
N. Rklickij, Zizneopisanie, V, 282-283.
Irenikon 12(1936) 185.
Prav. Rus' 1960, 15, 11.
? II 1966, 6, 1 (Nekrolog).
Std0 1966, 11, 16-19.

Duties and Places of service

Head
of Russian Spiritual Mission in China

1933, XX century - XX century

of Beijing Diocese

1937, XX century - May 18/31, 1956, XX century

of Ekaterinodar Diocese

May 18/31, 1956, XX century - August 05/18, 1966, XX century

Photos

l2r: Archim. Fedor,
Vl. Victor & Archim. Antony,
abbot of Russian Mission
in Jerusalem;
in Palestine, 1936.
"Beiguan", 1939. pp 116-117.

l2r: Vl. Victor, Archim. Fedor,
Igumen Nafaniel
"Beiguan", 1939. pp 102-103.

"Beiguan", 1939. pp 80-81.

l2r: Fr. Nikolai Li (Shanghai);
Fr. Ilia Wen (Shanghai);
Abp Viktor; Protodeacon
(later Archpriest) Vasily Du
Protodeacon Evmeny Ying (from Harbin);
photo from Abp HILARION
of Sydney & Australia

front row from 4th from left:
Abp Victor, Bp Yuvenaly
group photo from
"Orthodoxy in China", pg. 131

l2r: Archpriest Leonid Liu
Archbishop Victor
Bp Vasily of Beijing
Pat Alexy of All Russia
Abp Boris (Vik)
Abp Andrei of Chernigov
& Nezhinsk
Archpriest Anikita Wang
at His Holiness' summer
residence in Odessa.
kepping.net

1951 photo
Huiren School, Beiguan

l2r: Bp Vasily, Abp Victor, Bp Simeon
Photo from Boris Aleksandrov

from DECR Archive in Moscow

Farewell photo Abp Victor with
dairy farm workers.
l2r sitting: Mission secretary - M.A. Uspenski,
unknown, Fr. Nikolai Li,
Mission keyholder - Fr. Varsonofi,
Abp. Victor, Archim. Vasily, Fr Leonid Liu,
Mission Library Chief - Monk Seraphim.
Beijing, Beiguan. May 19, 1956.
kepping.net